In conjunction with Inverclyde’s war, the History department of Saint Stephen’s High School offer these resources to help with their teaching package.
Britain and Germany had both built up their navies.
France and Russia had both increased the size of their armies.
Source: Jacobson’s World Armament Expenditure, 1935
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy had formed the Triple Alliance.
France, Russia and Britain were all in the Triple Entente.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire had lots of different nationalities within it. These peoples (Czechs, Poles and Serbs) all wanted to rule themselves.
Germany was a newly-formed country.
It was jealous of Britain and France and felt she deserved her ‘place in the sun’.